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Should students repeat a grade at school?

The purpose of this work (published by Francisco Manuel dos Santos Foundation, undertaken by Luís Catela Nunes, Ana Balcão Reis e Carmo Seabra) is to measure the impact of the grade repetition in students’ performance. They would like to answer the next question: for students that repeated a grade, how to compare their academic results with the academic results if they didn’t repeat? 21-02-2017 Inspeção Regional Educação
Should students repeat a grade at school?

“According to OCDE (2012), 12% of students with 15 years old, from OCDE countries, repeated at least one grade during the compulsory education and 7% of students repeated at least one grade in lower primary school (1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th grades).

The grade repetition is heterogeneous between countries, for example: Japan and Norway don`t have grade repetition and in other countries, including Portugal, 30% - 39% of students repeated at least one grade before the age of 15th. (…)”